This species can be found in the USA on the Coastal Plain from southeastern Virginia to at least central Georgia, and Fall Line and Piedmont from North Carolina to Georgia; populations westward to Mobile appear to be related to N. beyeri or possibly represent an undescribed species (see Dundee 1998).
Habitat and Ecology
It is found in the bottoms of slow, sand- or mud-bottomed streams and connected ditches, cypress swamps; also stream-fed rice fields and mill ponds. It favours bottoms with leaf-litter and detritus. Juveniles burrow into bottom while adults congregate in leaf beds in winter. Eggs probably are attached to undersides of objects in water.
Viable populations occur in most areas of the range (see Petranka 1998).
The major threats are unknown.
None needed. It occurs in several protected areas. Monitoring and research on population trends are lacking.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Necturus punctatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T59434A56453993. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T59434A56453993.en .Downloaded on 18 February 2019