AmphibiaWeb - Kurixalus eiffingeri
AMPHIBIAWEB
Kurixalus eiffingeri (Boettger, 1895)
Eiffinger's Tree Frog
family: Rhacophoridae
subfamily: Rhacophorinae
genus: Kurixalus

© 2012 Pierre Fidenci (1 of 3)

  hear Fonozoo call

AmphibiaChina 中国两栖类.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
CITES No CITES Listing
National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .

   

 

View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (1 records).

Description
Kurixalus eiffingeri is a small and robust frog. The forelimb and hindlimb webbing is not well developed. The skin on the back of this species has tubercles and ridges. This species has 3-6 vomerine teeth. The mean snout to vent length for males is 34 mm (range 31-35) and for females it is 37 mm (range 36-40). In males, the nuptial pads are yellow and are without asperities. There is a pair of slit-like vocal openings. The species also has no dorsolateral fold, but the supratympanic fold is prominent (Maeda and Matsui 1990).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Japan, Taiwan

 

View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (1 records).
This species is found in both Taiwan and Japan, specifically on Ishigakijima and Iriomotejima Islands in Japan. The natural habitat is mountainous forests, especially of bamboo (Maeda and Matsui 1990).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Males of the Eiffinger's Tree Frog call from bamboo stumps filled with rain water (phytotelmata) to attract females during the breeding season (February to August). The females lay eggs above the waterline on the walls of the tree holes or stumps to be fertilized. Male frogs may guard egg sites for up to 2 weeks (ca. 10-14 days) until they hatch. Tadpoles, when hatched, will drop into the water body where they grow and develop (Lin and Kam 2008).

Selection of egg deposition sites are governed by water depths among other factors but clearly males are selective, especially given the amount of parental care required of both males and females (Lin and Kam 2008).

Larva
Tadpoles are obligate oophages, fed by female frogs which lay unfertilized eggs into the water for the tadpoles to eat (Lin and Kam 2008).

Comments
The mating call has notes that last 0.8 seconds with a frequency of 2.7 kHz (Maeda and Matsui 1990).

References

Lin Y-S and Kam Y-C (2008). "Nest Choice and Breeding Phenology of an Arboreal-Breeding Frog, Kurixalus eifingeri (Rhacophoridae), in a Bamboo Forest." Zoological Studies, 47(2), 129-137. [link]

Maeda, N. and Matsui, M. (1990). Frogs and Toads of Japan, 2nd edition. Bun-Ichi Sogo Shuppan Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.



Originally submitted by: Ambika Sopory (first posted 2000-10-16)
Description by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2022-08-18)
Distribution by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2022-08-18)
Life history by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2022-08-18)
Larva by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2022-08-18)
Comments by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2022-08-18)

Edited by: Vance T. Vredenburg, Michelle S. Koo (2022-08-18)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2022 Kurixalus eiffingeri: Eiffinger's Tree Frog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/4367> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 6, 2022.



Feedback or comments about this page.

 

Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2022. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 6 Oct 2022.

AmphibiaWeb's policy on data use.