© 2011 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 9)
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
H. crassus is found in Sri Lanka (the largest frog in the Island), southeastern India, Uttar Pradesh, Nepal. H. crassus is semiaquatic, common along rivers, reservoirs and marshes. In Sri Lanka the author found specimens in towns next to human settlement. H. crassus is found up to 460 m asl. In Sri Lanka both in the wet and the dry zone of the country.
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants
Batuwita S, Udugampala S, DeSilva M, Diao J and Edirisinghe U. (2019). "A review of amphibian fauna of Sri Lanka: distribution, recent taxonomic changes and conservation." Journal of Animal Diversity, 1(2), 44-82. [link]
Dutta, S.K. and Manamendra-Arachchi, K. (1996). The Amphibian Fauna of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Manamendra-Arachchi, K. (2000). ''Know your frog.'' Sri Lanka Nature, 2(5), 4-16.
Originally submitted by: Peter Janzen (first posted 2005-05-01)
Description by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2021-05-09)
Comments by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-05-09)
Edited by: Tate Tunstall, Michelle S. Koo (2021-05-09)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2021 Hoplobatrachus crassus: Jerdon`s Bullfrog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/4711> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 19, 2021.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2021. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 19 Oct 2021.
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