Frostius erythrophthalmus
family: Bufonidae
Species Description: Pimenta & Caramaschi,2007 New species of toad, genus Frostius Cannatella, 1986, from the Atlantic Rain Forest of Bahia, Brazil

© 2018 Mauro Teixeira Jr (1 of 5)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Brazil


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

Frostius erythrophthalmus is known from four localities in the Atlantic Rain Forest Domain in southern Bahia, Brazil, at altitudes between 140 and 920 masl (Pimenta and Caramaschi, 2007).

Habitat and Ecology

Frostius erythrophthalmus inhabits primary or slightly disturbed fragments of the hygrophilous forests of southern Bahia. Fragments at the type locality, in the contiguous forests of PE Serra do Conduru, and in the EEE Nova Esperan├ža are well preserved patches of ombrophilous forests. Individuals have been found during the night in leaf litter, sitting on the leaves of bushes or bromeliads, 0.1 to 0.7 m above ground, or climbing tree trunks. All specimens were found away from water bodies, suggesting an association with bromeliads (Pimenta and Caramaschi, 2007).


No population status is currently available for this species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

No major threats are known for this species.

Conservation Actions

The species is known to occur in Parque Estadual (PE) Serra do Conduru (Pimenta and Caramaschi, 2007).

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient since it has only recently been described, and there is still very little known about its extent of occurrence, area of occupancy, status and ecological requirements.

Taxonomic Notes

Frostius erythrophthalmus can be distinguished from Frostius pernambucensis by a combination of morphological features and colour patterns (Pimenta and Caramaschi, 2007).


Ariadne Angulo 2008. Frostius erythrophthalmus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T135859A4212359. .Downloaded on 23 January 2019


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