Duttaphrynus sumatranus
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Indonesia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from a tiny area on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The type locality is unspecified. It is apparently confined to Lubuk Selasi, at the head of the Terusan River at about 1,000m asl, on the borders of three districts, Padang Pariaman, Solok and Pesisir Selatan. Despite searches, it has not been found above 1,260m, or below 800m asl. Surveys in several other parts of Sumatra have failed to find this species, and it is likely to have a very restricted distribution.

Habitat and Ecology

It has been found along a small, clear stream with a width of 15m in secondary forest. No evidence of breeding has been found, but it presumably breeds by larval development in streams. It is not known whether or not the species is dependent on forest, though this is likely.


This species was rediscovered in 2001 after a gap of 141 years. At present, it is only known from one area, but is relatively abundant within its tiny range.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Since its rediscovery, there has been extensive and very rapid habitat destruction for rice paddies in its only known locality, leading to the siltation of streams, which might affect its ability to breed.

Conservation Actions

The species is not known from any protected area (it has not been recorded from a conservation forest about 10km from the only known locality). A community-based initiative involving local NGOs and communities is urgently needed to save the only known population of this species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat around Lubuk Selasi, Sumatra.


Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni 2004. Duttaphrynus sumatranus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54770A11201552.


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