© 2001 Karan B. Shah, Nepal Nat. Hist. Mus. (1 of 4)
Snout-vent length 130-132 mm.
Color: Uniform brown. Cranial crest and tips of digits dark brown.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Pakistan
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Breeding activity starts after a downpour, during May-July; males croak in low tone with "curr, curr" repeated several times. Eggs are laid in a double string of jelly in shallow pools along torrents.
Tadpole: Head flat, body darker, belly bulging, tail weak, low fins; naris slightly nearer to eye than snout; eyes small and sunken; oral disc anteroventral, labial tooth row formula typically bufonid: 2(2)/3, beak serrated, oral papillae lateral; color uniformly black, ventrum lighter. The tadpoles are found, at a high elevation in the Himalayan range, in small, calm pools along torrents, with algal vegetation.
Total length of tadpole 28-30; tail 19-20 mm.
The toad hibernates during the winter under stones and in fissures in the ground from September to March. The karyotype number recorded for this species is 22 (Chatterjii and Barik, 1970).
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
Written by M.S.Khan (typhlops99 AT hotmail.com), Herp Lab, Rabwah-35460, Pakistan
First submitted 2000-08-30
Edited by JG (2010-03-16)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Duttaphrynus himalayanus: Himalayan Toad <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/193> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 21, 2019.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2019. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 21 Jul 2019.
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