This species is known from one locality: Cerro Ovando, south-western Chiapas, Mexico, at 2,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in pine-oak forest, and is found only in bromeliads. It is not found in disturbed habitats. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
It is probably common in its very small range; on one occasion, 34 individuals were found in a single bromeliad.
Its forest habitat is potentially threatened by expanding agriculture and wood extraction, but fortunately this species occurs in an area where anthropogenic impacts on its habitat have been minimal.
It might occur in the Reserva de la Biósfera El Triunfo, which is close to Cerro Ovando, but it has not so far been found there, despite searches. There is a need for close monitoring of the population status of this species. It is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
Red List Status
Parra-Olea, G. & Wake, D. 2008. Dendrotriton xolocalcae. In: IUCN 2014