This species is known from eastern Sonora and western Chihuahua (Tarahumara mountains), to Jalisco, Mexico, in the Sierra Madre Occidental, at elevations of around 2,400m asl. It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest.
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits pine forest and lives under bark and leaves on the ground. Breeding is by direct development.
This is a rare species.
The main causes of habitat loss and disturbance in the Tarahumara forests are logging and agriculture (both for crops and livestock).
The range of this species does not include any protected areas, and urgent protection and restoration of the original native forests in the Tarahumara Mountains is necessary. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in western Mexico.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2004. Craugastor tarahumaraensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56994A11554082. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56994A11554082.en .Downloaded on 16 January 2019