Capensibufo selenophos
Moonlight Mountain Toadlet
family: Bufonidae
Species Description: Channing, A., G.J. Measey, A.L. de Villiers, A.A. Turner, and K.A. Tolley. 2017. Taxonomy of the Capensibufo rosei group (Anura: Bufonidae) from South Africa. Zootaxa 4232: 282-292.

© 2017 Atherton de Villiers (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: South Africa



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

The species is known from Akkedis Mountain and Maanskyn Nature Reserve, on the Kleinriviers Mountains, and the lower slopes of the Koeël Mountain near Rockview Dam in South Africa, between 445 and 600 m Asl. Its distribution intersects several protected areas. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated at 178 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

The species occurs in shallow temporary pools with emergent sedge-like plants in Mountain Fynbos or Grassy Fynbos in the Fynbos Biome (De Villiers 2004). All the species in this genus for which breeding sites have been found appear to breed in large aggregations and egg masses are produced by many females, but the presence of breeding populations is not always consistent (Channing et al. 2017).


There is very little information on the species' population; its overall trend and size are unknown.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Invasive plant species are prolific in the area where this species occurs and, unless managed, may cause population fluctuations.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Its distribution intersects several protected areas. When inactive, these small toads go largely unnoticed in the environment and assessing presence or absence is expected to be a major impediment to conservation of the species in this genus (Channing et al. 2017).

Research Needed

The distribution of this species is not well understood and seems to be fragmented, but more detailed collecting is required particularly in mountains that separate this species from C. deceptus and C. magistratus (Channing et al. 2017).

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Newly described species for which too little data exists to assess its status.

Taxonomic Notes

A low-altitude specimen from the Koeël Mountains may represent cryptic species, but have been provisionally assigned to Capensibufo deceptus by Channing et al. (2016).


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group, South African Frog Re-assessment Group (SA-FRoG) 2017. Capensibufo selenophos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T112716203A112716215. .Downloaded on 16 February 2019


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