Bufotes oblongus
family: Bufonidae
Taxonomic Notes: This tetraploid species is thought to have originated from hybridization between B. latastii and B. turanensis, both diploids ((see several publications by Stoeck and coauthors: Evolution 2006 Mol Phyl Evo, 2010 Evol, 2012 PRSB, 2015 Heredity, 2015 J Biog.).

© 2011 Barbod Safaei (1 of 11)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Afghanistan, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Turkmenistan


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is distributed in the west of the Central Iranian deserts and in the Kopet Dagh Mountains of Iran and Turkmenistan. It possibly occurs western Afghanistan (current range requires research). The distribution map for this species is largely based on Stöck et al. (2001). The altitudinal range is not known.

Habitat and Ecology

The habitat and ecology of this species is not well known. It occurs in relatively arid areas, including slopes of mountains, and may breed in various slow-moving streams. The species can be found in somewhat disturbed or modified habitats.


It is a common species in Turkmenistan. The population abundance of this species is not known for Iran.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole.

Conservation Actions

This species might occur in a number of protected areas in northern Iran, however this requires further confirmation. In Turkmenistan, it has been recorded from the Suntkhasazdag Nature Reserve. Additional surveys are needed to better understand the distribution of this species relative to related members of the 'Bufo viridis' (Bufotes) complex.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Taxonomic Notes

According to Stöck et al. (2001) this is a member of the Pseudepidalea viridissubgroup. The Bufo viridis group is now treated under Bufotes. It is partly in sympatry with Bufotes turanensis, which is sometimes confused with the species.


Matthias Stöck, Sergius Kuzmin, Theodore Papenfuss, Steven Anderson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Tatjana Dujsebayeva, Boris Tuniyev, Natalia Ananjeva, Nikolai Orlov, 2015. Bufotes oblongus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T54718A74500311. .Downloaded on 16 December 2018


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