Bufotes boulengeri
family: Bufonidae
Species Description: Stoeck, M., Moritz, C., Hickerson, M., Frynta, D., Dujsebayeva, T., Eremchenko, V., Macey, J.R., Papenfuss, T.J. and Wake, D.B. 2006. Evolution of mitochondrial relationships and biogeography of Palearctic green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup) with insights in their genomic plasticity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 663-689.

© 2014 Alberto Sanchez-Vialas (1 of 40)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Algeria, Egypt, Italy, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Tunisia


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This largely North Africa species occurs as fragmented populations from Western Sahara and Morocco in the east through Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, to Egypt. It has been recorded from the island of Lampedusa in Italy. The status of fragmented populations recorded from western Arabia, southern Israel and Jordan is unclear and they may be assignable to this species or possibly to Bufotes variabilis.

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found as often fragmented populations in forested areas, scrubland, dry grassland, semi-deserts and deserts. It inhabits both wetland areas as well as different dry desert types (usually found close to oases). It is presumably able to adapt to some habitat modification, especially where irrigation schemes increase the availability of suitable spawning habitats.


There is little information available on the abundance of this species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat over much of the range appears to be the loss of breeding habitats through wetland drainage, desiccation and aquatic pollution (industrial and agricultural).

Conservation Actions

In view of the species wide range it is presumably present in some protected areas. Further studies are needed to confirm the identity of green toad populations in Israel and Jordan.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide global distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.


Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Roberto Sindaco, Antonio Romano 2015. Bufotes boulengeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T153568A74497730. .Downloaded on 10 December 2018


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