Bolitoglossa zapoteca
Zapotec Salamander, Salamandra Zapoteca
Subgenus: Oaxakia
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2013 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 5)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from the eastern part of the Sierra Madre del Sur near Quiegolani, Oaxaca, Mexico, at around 1,875m asl. Field work in 2012 recorded this species in the same locality. Its extent of occurrence and area of occupancy is 77 km

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives in pine-oak forest, which is now severely degraded, and reproduces by direct development.


Five new specimens were found in 2012, in addition to the few individuals (less than ten) that were known when the species was last assessed (2008).  The species has persisted through periods of disturbance mainly from logging, but the population trend is unknown.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Even though the species was recently collected, the impact that the forest clearance and broad habitat degradation for smallholder farming and urban areas throughout its range may have on this species is not known. Habitat degradation within its range continues and will continue into the near future.

Conservation Actions


Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Bolitoglossa zapoteca. In: IUCN 2014


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