Bolitoglossa sima

Subgenus: Eladinea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2010 Division of Herpetology, University of Kansas (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in the north-western lowlands of Ecuador, below 1,000m asl. It is likely to have a slightly larger range than currently known.

Habitat and Ecology

Individuals have been found in dense wet forest, as well as in a grassy field, cleared for cattle grazing (Brame and Wake 1963b). However, this does not necessarily suggest that the species adapts well to human-modified landscapes, and they might prefer regenerated forests. It breeds by direct development.


The current population status of this species is not known.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Agriculture, both crops and livestock, as well as logging are major threats to the species’ habitat.

Conservation Actions

Its range includes Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in northwestern Ecuador.


Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Ana Almendáriz 2004. Bolitoglossa sima. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59207A11896341. .Downloaded on 17 January 2019


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