Bolitoglossa odonnelli

Subgenus: Bolitoglossa
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2017 Dr. Joachim Nerz (1 of 24)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Guatemala



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species ranges from the Atlantic slopes of Alta Verapaz to the Montañas del Mico, Guatemala, at 100-1,200 m asl. It could possibly also occur in Honduras. Due to its distribution outside of protected areas and uneven sampling effort throughout the range, it is uncertain how many threat-defined locations it is known from. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be 5,413 km2.


Habitat and Ecology

It lives in rainforests and cloud forests, usually in disturbed habitats, and can be found at night on low vegetation near streams and also under leaf sheaths of banana plants. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water. It appears to tolerate some habitat disturbance because it is found in gardens, cardamom plantations and shaded coffee plantations (C. Vásquez pers. comm. 2014).


It was formerly common, but has undergone declines in the past and is now rare. However, it is not known if population declines are ongoing. Recent sampling efforts produced observations of one to three individuals per survey night (C. Vásquez pers. comm. 2014). Given that it uses multiple disturbed habitat types, it is unknown whether the population is severely fragmented.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The main threat is habitat loss due to encroachment of agricultural activity and human settlement, and the loss of bromeliads.

Conservation Actions

Part of the range of this species is included in Parque Nacional Sierra de las Minas and the protected area Cerro San Gil in Izabal (C. Vásquez pers. comm. 2014). Additional habitat protection would benefit those sites not covered by protected areas. Research and monitoring are needed to better understand its distribution, population trends and current threats. In particular, survey data show that the species often occurs in altered habitats, but research is needed to determine the level of habitat degradation that it can withstand.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Near Threatened because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be 5,413 km2 and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of forest habitat within its range. However, there is no evidence for current population declines, and the species is often found in disturbed habitats outside of forest fragments, which may facilitate connectivity among subpopulations. It is not currently possible to estimate the number of threat-based locations.

Taxonomic Notes

This form is part of a complex of three species that are difficult to separate morphologically, making it hard to know which species occurs where. It might be conspecific with Bolitoglossa mexicana.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Bolitoglossa odonnelli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T59189A54375795. .Downloaded on 21 February 2019


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