This species is known from six localities, spanning approximately 160km, in the mountains of central Guatemala, including the Sierra de Chuacús and the Sierra de la Minas, at an altitude of 1,550-2,730m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in both cloud forest and less humid oak-pine forest and forest edge, but not in degraded habitats. It can be found beneath logs, under bark of fallen logs, or in bromeliads. Breeding takes place by direct development and it is not dependent upon water.
It is a rare species and hard to find.
The major threat is habitat loss due to expanding agriculture and human settlement.
It occurs in Parque Nacional Sierra de la Minas and Biotopo del Quetzal. Field surveys are needed to better determine the distribution and population status of the species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, it is known from fewer than ten locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Guatemala.
This species might be a complex of more than one species.
Acevedo, M., Wake, D. & Papenfuss, T. 2008. Bolitoglossa meliana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59179A11881715. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59179A11881715.en