This species is known only from the Parque Nacional Sierra de Agalta, in the Departamento de Olancho, east-central Honduras, from 1,840-2,240m asl. It may be present in nearby elfin and cloud forest within the same mountain range, however this requires confirmation.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in lower montane wet forest (cloud and elfin forest) where it can be found in bromeliads near the ground, on low moss-covered branches of trees, and on the ground under moss and leaves. It is not known whether or not it can withstand habitat disturbance. It breeds by direct development.
It is a locally common species in the elfin forest, but is uncommon in cloud forest (Franklin Castañeda pers. comm. 2007).
The main threats to the species stem from forest fires and extended dry seasons. The fires are generally in the surrounding area, however, these still represent a threat to the species. There is continuing habitat loss in the area, through high pressure for conversion of land to subsistence agricultural use and coffee plantations.
Although the species occurs in the Parque Nacional Sierra de Agalta, improved management of this area is required (particularly to control frequent fires).
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Sierra de Agalta of Honduras.
Cruz, G., Wilson, L.D., McCranie, R. & Castañeda, F. 2008. Bolitoglossa longissima. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59174A11893694. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59174A11893694.en