AMPHIBIAWEB
Bolitoglossa capitana

Subgenus: Eladinea
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is only known from the type locality: "Hacienda La Victoria (La Granja Infantil – an orphanage, 6 km north of Albán on the Albánto Sasaima Road) between Albán and Sasaima" in the Cordillera Oriental about 50 km northwest of Bogotá, in the department of Cundinamarca, Colombia, at around 1,780 m asl. The previously reported records from Pedropalo (G. Chaves-Portilla et al. 2006) are erroneous and currently belong to an undescribed taxa (G. Chaves-Portilla pers. comm. August 2016). This is still included within the map until further taxonomic work is carried out. Its AOO is estimated to be 4 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

This species occurs in a very disturbed montane cloud forest, among fallen leaves on slopes, and on bushes and herbaceous vegetation. It breeds by direct development.

Population

It is a rare species. No specimens have been found despite surveys being carried out at the type locality between 2005 and 2006 (130 person-hours; G. Chaves-Portilla pers. comm. August 2016). Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.

Population Trend

decreasing

Major Threats

Habitat destruction and degradation, primarily due to agriculture, is the major threat, and the habitat in which the species occurs is now severely fragmented. Guerrilla activities were previously reported to be a threat to this species near its type locality, however this has now ceased (G. Chaves-Portilla pers. comm. August 2016).

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species has not been recorded in any protected areas.

Conservation Needed
There is a need for urgent protection of the remaining native habitat at the type locality. 

Research Needed
Further survey work is required to determine the current population status of this species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)

Rationale

Listed as Critically Endangered because its area of occupancy (AOO) is 4 km2, all individuals are in a single threat-defined location, and the extent of its forest habitat in Cundinamarca (Colombia) is declining.

Citation

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Bolitoglossa capitana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T59142A85858164. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T59142A85858164.en

 

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