Boana picturata (Boulenger, 1899)
© 2010 Brad Wilson (1 of 10)
In preservative, the type specimen has a violet dorsum, with cream-colored spots bordered with purplish-red; the cream spots are arranged in symmetrical groups, one on the head and nape, a second group anterior to the sacrum and a third on the coccygeal region. A white transverse band runs between the eyes, interrupted in the middle. The lores and temples are whitish and have reddish markings. Limbs are creamy white dorsally and have violet crossbars alternating with narrower purplish-red crossbars. The humerus and concealed surfaces of the hind limbs lack color. Ventral surfaces are white (Boulenger 1899).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Ecuador
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
In the Hypsiboas punctatus group, according to Faivovich et al. (2005). These authors resurrected the genus Hypsiboas, and noted that H. picturatus was the only colorful member of the H. punctatus group, an otherwise green group of hylids; the group was diagnosed by 30 transformations in mitochondrial genes, both protein-coding and ribosomal, rather than by morphological characters. H. punctatus itself has also been reported to be very variable in color, although it is primarily green (see Nascimento et al. 2009 for a discussion).
Lutz and Lutz (1973) noted that Ecuadorian Hypsiboas picturatus (then known as Hyla picturata) resembled the most ornate individuals of Brazilian Hypsiboas geographicus (then known as Hyla geographica). Previously Hypsiboas picturatus had been included in the Hyla geographica species group (as Hyla picturata), most recently by Duellman and Hoogmoed (1992), but Faivovich et al.'s (2005) analysis found the Hyla geographica group to be polyphyletic and placed H. picturata in a monophyletic clade including the former Hyla punctata and Hyla granosa species groups.
Bolívar, W., Coloma, L. A., Ron, S., and Cisneros-Heredia, D. 2004. Hypsiboas picturatus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 11 July 2010.
Boulenger, G. A. (1899). ''Descriptions of new batrachians in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History).'' Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7, 3, 273-277.
Cisneros-Heredia, D. F., Yanez-Munoz, M. H., and Ortega-Andrade, H. M. (2009). ''Description of a new species of Teratohyla Taylor (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Centrolenidae) from north-western Ecuador.'' Zootaxa, 2227, 53-62.
Condit, J. M. (1964). ''A list of the types of hylid frogs in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History).'' Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society, 4(4), 85-98.
Duellman, W. E. (1977). ''Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien: Hylidae, Centrolenidae, Pseudidae.'' Das Tierreich, 95, 1-225.
Duellman, W. E., Hoogmoed, M. S. (1992). ''Some hylid frogs from the Guiana highlands, northeastern South America: new species, distributional records, and a generic reallocation.'' Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, 147, 1-21.
Faivovich, J., Haddad, C. F. B., Garcia, P. C. A., Frost, D. R., Campbell, J. A., Wheeler, W. C. (2005). ''Systematic review of the frog family Hylidae, with special reference to Hylinae: phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision.'' Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, (294), 1-240. [link]
Lutz, B., and Lutz, G. A. (1973). Brazilian Species of Hyla. University of Texas Press, Austin and London.
Nascimento, F. A. C., de Lima, M. G., Skuk, G. O, and de Sá, R. O. (2009). ''The tadpole of Hypsiboas atlanticus (Anura, Hylidae) from northeastern Brazil.'' Iheringia. Série Zoologia, 99, 431-436.
Ortega-Andrade, H. M., Bermingham, J., Aulestia, C., and Paucar, C. (2010). ''Herpetofauna of the Bilsa Biological Station, province of Esmeraldas, Ecuador.'' Check List, 6(1), 119-154.
Vargas, S. F., Bolaños, M. E., and Berrío-B., H. (2000). ''Notas sobre la ecología reproductiva de Agalychnis spurrelli (Anura: Hylidae) en una población de Anchicayá, Pacífico Colombiano.'' Revista de la Academia Colombiana Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 24, 85-99.
Originally submitted by: Kellie Whittaker (first posted 2010-07-10)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2010-07-28)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Boana picturata <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/911> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 30, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 30 Sep 2023.
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