Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander
Species Description: Jockusch EL, Martinez-Solano I, Hansen RW, Wake DB. 2012 Molecular and morphological diversification of slender salamanders (Caudata: Plethodontidae: Batrachoseps) in the southern Sierra Nevada with descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa 3190:1-30
© 2012 Robert W. Hansen (1 of 4)
B. altasierrae can be distinguished from other closely related Batrachoseps species by its relatively low number of maxillary teeth and trunk vertebrae.
Coloration (in preservation): The dorsum and limbs are a dark blackish-brown, with the ventral surfaces a lighter brown. A dark brown to reddish-brown stripe runs down the dorsal surface (Jockusch et al. 2012).
Color in life is overall dark with a dark reddish back set off with a lateral dark brown to black stripe; its sides are flecked with tiny white speckling which continue onto its limbs.
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: United States
U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: California
B. altasierrae inhabit coniferous forests, specifically forests containing pine, fir, and incense cedar (Jockusch et al. 2012).
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
The species epithet altasierrae comes from the name of a hamlet at the summit of the Greenhorn Mountains, Alta Sierra. B. altasierrae is common in that area.
B. altasierrae populations were considered to be B. relictus prior to the description of B. altasierrae in 2012.
B. altasierrae most closely related to B. kawia, which inhabits similar habitats north of the Tule River drainage (Jockusch et al. 2012).
Jockusch, E.L., Martínez-Solano, I., Hansen, R.W., Wake, D.B. (2012). ''Morphological and molecular diversification of slender salamanders (Caudata: Plethodontidae: Batrachoseps) in the southern Sierra Nevada of California with descriptions of two new species.'' Zootaxa, 3190, 1-30.
Written by John Cavagnaro (john.cavagnaro AT berkeley.edu), Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, UC Berkeley
First submitted 2012-09-24
Edited by Michelle S. Koo (2012-10-28)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2012 Batrachoseps altasierrae: Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/7770> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 15, 2018.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 15 Dec 2018.
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