This species is known from three localities in the region of Pasco, Peru, all within a distance of 26 kilometers from each other. It is found between 1,770 and 2,200 m asl (Lehr et al. 2008).
Habitat and Ecology
This species inhabits an area of cloud forests and secondary forests with some open areas that have been converted to grassland. Individuals have been found at night on leaves up to 1.5 m above the ground and in close proximity to a permanent creek (Lehr et al. 2008; E. Lehr pers. comm. September 2009), and in one instance close to a road. It is presumed to breed in streams.
The vegetation of the road side close to the type locality is regularly cut down as part of road maintenance. In addition, the surroundings of Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park are intensively used for plantations (e.g., coffee) or for cattle breeding (Lehr et al. 2008), leading to a lot of soil erosion (Edgar Lehr pers. comm. September 2009). While chytrid fungus has so far not been recorded in this species, other species in this genus inhabiting montane environments have been affected by chytridiomycosis, so it cannot be ruled out as a potential threat.
This species is known to occur within the boundaries of Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park. Survival programs inclusive of ex situ conservation measures have been suggested for members of this genus (Lehr et al. 2008). Monitoring of the population is needed to determine whether chytrid fungus is present and whether it may have affected the species.
Red List Status
Lehr, E. & Angulo, A. 2009. Atelopus oxapampae. In: IUCN 2014