This species is known from southern Nuevo León and adjacent south-western Tamaulipas, Mexico, between 1,800-2,800 m asl. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 6,241 km2 and its area of occupancy (AOO) is 914 km2.
Habitat and Ecology
This terrestrial species inhabits semi-open oak forest with thorny scrub. It can be found under stones and can tolerate habitat modification, having been found in agave plantations and scrubby open country. Breeding is by direct development.
This species can be locally abundant (S. Rovito pers. comm. Red List Assessment Workshop 2014). While this species can tolerate habitat degradation, it is suspected to be declining due to ongoing loss in habitat extent and quality.
The main threat to this species is complete clearance of its habitats, due to clear-cutting, agricultural activities (including slash and burn practices) and the development of human settlements.
This species has not been recorded in any protected areas. It is listed as "Threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government.
Surveys are required to determine the full distribution of this species (P.A. Caballero pers. comm. June 2016).
Red List Status
Listed as Vulnerable because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 6,241 km2, its area of occupancy (AOO) is 914 km2, it is known from fewer than 10 threat-defined locations, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of habitat.
This species requires further taxonomic investigation (G. Parra-Olea and D.B. Wake pers. comm.). This species was previously within the genus Pseudoeurycea but has recently been moved to the genus Aquiloeurycea (Rovito et al. 2015).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2016. Aquiloeurycea galeanae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T59379A53982166. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T59379A53982166.en