Aquiloeurycea cephalica

Subgenus: Isthmura
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2014 Dr. Joachim Nerz (1 of 25)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species can be found in central Mexico in the states of Estado de Mexico, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla and Morelos. It might be more widespread than current records suggest. Its altitudinal range is between 1,100 and 3,000m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This species lives in pine, pine-oak, fir, and cloud forests, and in the upper extent of lowland forest. It is commonly found beneath rocks, logs and other debris on the ground. It also occurs in somewhat disturbed habitats, such as forest edges, rural gardens, and small patches of forest in urban areas. Breeding is by direct development.


This species used to be common, although it has undergone declines. The subspecies Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimembris remains not uncommon in the outskirts of Tianguistengo village in north-eastern Hidalgo State.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is probably threatened by agricultural expansion, expanding human settlements, and logging, all of which are taking place extensively within its range.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in several protected areas, and is listed as "threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Taxonomic Notes

This form is a complex of more than one species that needs taxonomic revision (G. Parra-Olea and D.B. Wake pers. comm.). The subspecies Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimembris is likely to be a valid species (Raffaelli pers. comm.).


Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Jean Raffaelli 2010. Aquiloeurycea cephalica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59373A89370527. .Downloaded on 17 December 2018


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