This species can be found in central Mexico in the states of Estado de Mexico, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla and Morelos. It might be more widespread than current records suggest. Its altitudinal range is between 1,100 and 3,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species lives in pine, pine-oak, fir, and cloud forests, and in the upper extent of lowland forest. It is commonly found beneath rocks, logs and other debris on the ground. It also occurs in somewhat disturbed habitats, such as forest edges, rural gardens, and small patches of forest in urban areas. Breeding is by direct development.
This species used to be common, although it has undergone declines. The subspecies Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimembris remains not uncommon in the outskirts of Tianguistengo village in north-eastern Hidalgo State.
It is probably threatened by agricultural expansion, expanding human settlements, and logging, all of which are taking place extensively within its range.
It occurs in several protected areas, and is listed as "threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
This form is a complex of more than one species that needs taxonomic revision (G. Parra-Olea and D.B. Wake pers. comm.). The subspecies Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimembris is likely to be a valid species (Raffaelli pers. comm.).
Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Jean Raffaelli 2010. Aquiloeurycea cephalica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59373A89370527. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T59373A11924813.en