Adenomus kandianus
family: Bufonidae
Taxonomic Notes: Rediscovered by Wickramasinghe and colleagues (Zootaxa 2012 3347:63-68). Status should be changed to Critically Endangered.

© 2011 Milivoje Krvavac (1 of 5)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status Extinct
Regional Status None



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Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Sri Lanka


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
Adenomus kandianus was endemic to Sri Lanka. The type locality is listed only as "Peradeniya" in "Ceylon" (G√ľnther 1872), but the scientific name suggests that this species may have been found near the city of Kandy in central Sri Lanka (Stuart et al 2008).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Known only from the type specimen and has not been reported since the original description in 1872. It may have bred in water, with aquatic larval development, as do other members of the genus Adenomus (Stuart et al 2008).

Trends and Threats
The cause of extinction is not known, since this species was not sighted after 1872. Since then, habitat around the city of Kandy has been destroyed due to urban development (Stuart et al 2008).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline


Listed as Extinct because it has not been recorded for over 130 years, and recent extensive searches over a ten-year period did not locate this species (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 1998).

Featured in Amazing Amphibians on 18 November 2013


G√ľnther, A. (1872). ''Description of some Ceylonese reptiles and batrachians.'' Annales and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4, 9, 85-88.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K., and Pethiyagoda, R. (1998). ''A synopsis of the Sri Lankan Bufonidae (Amphibia: Anura), with description of two new species.'' Journal of South Asian Natural History, 3(2), 213-248.

Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Berridge, R., Ramani, P., Young, B. (eds) (2008). Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International, Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Written by Krystal Gong (mskgong AT, San Francisco State University
First submitted 2009-03-03
Edited by Kellie Whittaker; updated Ann T. Chang (2013-11-19)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2013 Adenomus kandianus <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Aug 24, 2019.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2019. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 24 Aug 2019.

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