Pristimantis xylochobates
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is only known from two sites on the crest of the Serranía de los Paraguas on the border of the departments of Chocó and Valle del Cauca, in Colombia, between 2,100–2,250 m asl. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 17 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

The species is found in cloud forest, and individuals have been found perched on low vegetation inside dense undisturbed forests. It breeds by direct development.


It is a rare species. The last record for the species is from 1998, despite recent surveys in search for the species (W. Bolívar pers. comm. August 2016).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The species suffered a drastic population declines at the end of the 1990s, but there is no information if chytridiomycosis was the cause (G. González and B. Wilmar pers comm. August 2016). Localized threats include habitat loss due to agricultural activities, cattle grazing and logging.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions 
Part of the range of the species is within Reserva Natural Cerro El Inglés. 

Conservation Needed
In light of the possibility that chytrid may have been involved in declines, any surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.

Research Needed
Research in population trends, ecology, threats and distribution is recommended for the species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because it has not recuperated from the extreme decline probably caused by chytridiomycosis and has not been recorded since 1998 despite recent surveys. Population size is probably no more than 50 individuals.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Pristimantis xylochobates. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T57061A85889648. .Downloaded on 20 February 2019


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