Pristimantis paramerus
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae

© 2006 César L. Barrio Amorós (1 of 2)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Venezuela


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

Pristimantis paramerus is only known from the region of Mucubají, state of Mérida, Venezuela, in páramo habitats, between 3200 and 3330 masl (La Marca, 2007).

Habitat and Ecology

It is a terrestrial inhabitant of páramo grassland, and breeding is by direct development.

Individuals of this species have always been found associated to rocks in páramo streams (La Marca, 2007).


It is an uncommon species. Vial and Saylor (1993) recorded the species as undergoing population declines, but failed to provide any documented evidence to support this view. Subsequently, Barrio-Amorós (2001) reported an alarming decline, to the point where it is now very difficult to find.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is habitat loss, due to agricultural activities (the cultivation of crops) and fire, and associated pollution.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in Sierra Nevada National Park (Páramo of Mucubají).

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on the Páramo de Santo Domingo, Venezuela.

Taxonomic Notes

La Marca (2007) recently erected the genus Mucubatrachus to accommodate species that have a dermal fold posterior to the urostyle and before the cloaca. Hedges et al. (2008), however, subsequently placed Mucubatrachus in the synonymy of Pristimantis.


Enrique La Marca 2008. Pristimantis paramerus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T56826A11540729. .Downloaded on 20 January 2019


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