This species is known only from along the western flank of the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia from Antioquia Department to Valle del Cauca Department. It occurs at moderate elevations between 1,140–2,000 m asl. Subpopulations from the eastern slope of Cordillera Central, Caldas Department correspond to other species (W. Bolívar pers. comm. August 2016).
Habitat and Ecology
This species is from premontane forest and cloud forest. It is a nocturnal species that inhabits the understory of primary or secondary forests. Eggs are laid on logs and moss, and breeding takes place by direct development.
It is a locally common species (W. Bolívar pers. comm. August 2016). The subpopulation from Yotoco has shown a decline (F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. August 2016). Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.
Major threats throughout its range include habitat loss due to agriculture activities, illegal crops, cattle ranching and mining activities.
The range of the species is within Tatamá, Farallones de Cali and Las Orquídeas National Parks.
Further research in population trends, ecology and distribution are recommended for the species.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is about 24,673 km2, but it probably occurs in around 10 threat-defined locations and there is a continuous decline in the extent and quality of habitat due to agriculture activities, illegal crops, cattle ranching and mining activities throughout its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2017. Pristimantis orpacobates. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56817A85876005. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T56817A85876005.en .Downloaded on 15 December 2018