Pristimantis boconoensis
Bocono Robber Frog
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Venezuela



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

The species is only known from the type locality: Páramo de Guaramacal (between 2870 and 3000 masl), in the vicinity of Boconó, state of Trujillo, Venezuela.

Habitat and Ecology

Pristimantis boconoensis occurs in the páramo ecosystem (páramo grassland, cloud forests, and high-altitude forest), and can be found under the perennial shrubs of Espeletia, sometimes in boggy areas in the Páramo de Guaramacal and perhaps in other páramos (Rivero and Mayorga, 1973). Calling activity is reported to occur at nightfall and into the night (Rivero and Mayorga, 1973). It breeds by direct development.


It is considered to be a common species (E. La Marca, pers. comm. 2008).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The primary threat to the species is habitat loss due to infrastructure development (primarily the construction of power lines) and fire.

Conservation Actions

The species' range includes Parque Nacional Guaramacal, but this area is not sufficiently managed to counter the threats to this species.

Red List Status

Vulnerable (VU)


Listed as Vulnerable since its Extent of Occurrence is much less than 20,000 km2, it is only known to occur at the type locality, and its habitat is declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Endangered.

Taxonomic Notes

The genus Paramophrynella was proposed by La Marca (2007); Hedges et al. (2008), however, subsequently placed Paramophrynella in the synonymy of Pristimantis, which includes Pristimantis boconoensis.


Enrique La Marca 2008. Pristimantis boconoensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T56467A11481693. .Downloaded on 23 February 2019


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