AMPHIBIAWEB
Pelophryne murudensis
family: Bufonidae
 
Species Description: Das I 2008 Two new species of Pelophryne (Anura: Bufonidae) from Genung Murud, Sarawak (northwestern Borneo. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56:435-443.

Frogs of Borneo account.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Malaysia

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is currently only known from its type locality: Gunung Murud, Sarawak, East Malaysia (northwestern Borneo), at 2,120 m asl (Das 2008). The subpopulation in the same locality which was previously thought to belong to Pelophryne misera has now been assigned to this species (I. Das pers. comm. March 2018). It is a montane species that is thought to be endemic to Gunung Murud, likely from an area smaller than 5 km2 (I. Das pers. comm. March 2018). It occurs in one threat-defined location and its estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) is 10 km2.

Habitat and Ecology

This species occurs in montane forests with canopies reaching ca 20 m. Individuals have been found at night on vegetation at the edges of forest trails, or calling on vegetation up to 3 m above the ground (Inger et al. 2017). Its tadpole remains unknown, although the species is suspected to breed in the pitchers of Nepenthes plants (Das 2008).

Population

It is a difficult species to detect due to its arboreal nature (I. Das pers. comm. March 2018). Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.

Population Trend

decreasing

Major Threats

Even though its type locality is within the recently gazetted Pulong Tau National Park, it is subject to subsistence logging (I. Das pers. comm. March 2018). The habitat in Pulong Tau National Park faces encroachment from logging companies, as it has only been recently gazetted (in the last 2-3 years) and there is no current infrastructure or field staff in place, so it is not well protected at present (I. Das pers. comm. March 2018). Clear-felling and large-scale logging concessions are also happening within parts of the national park, although the type locality of this species lies just outside the range of commercial hardwoods (I. Das pers. comm. 2009). Climate change is likely to be a future threat (I. Das pers. comm. March 2018).

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Gunung Murud is found in Pulong Tau National Park, which has only been recently gazetted and there is no current infrastructure or field staff in place, so it is not well protected at present (I. Das pers. comm. March 2018).

Conservation Needed
Enforcement of the park's boundaries is needed to address logging issues within the park (Malaysia Red List Assessment Workshop March 2018).

Research Needed
Further research is needed into the life history and ecology of this species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)

Rationale

Listed as Critically Endangered, as a precautionary approach, because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 10 km2, it occurs in a single threat-defined location, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Gunung Murud area due to logging activities. Pulong Tau National Park has only recently been gazetted and there is no infrastructure in place to provide habitat protection at present.

Citation

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Pelophryne murudensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T159222A123694230. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T159222A123694230.en .Downloaded on 13 December 2018

 

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