This species is known only from the islands of Bali and Lombok in Indonesia, from above 1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is known only from highland forest. It presumably lays eggs on the ground and breeds by direct development without a larval stage.
There is no recent information on this species, and it has not been recorded since the 1930s.
The habitat of this species is being severely impacted by very large-scale international tourism.
The mountain forests on Bali are protected, but for recreational purposes, not for biodiversity conservation. On Lombok the species presumably occurs in Gunung Rinjani Nature Reserve. There is clearly an urgent need for survey work to establish the current population status of this species on the two islands, and its presence within existing reserves.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on Bali and Lombok.
Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni 2004. Oreophryne monticola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57925A11703164. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T57925A11703164.en .Downloaded on 13 November 2018