Species Description: Pombal JP, Jr, Siqueira CC, Dorigo TA, Vrcibradic D, Rocha CFD 2008 A third species of the rare frog genus Holoaden (Terrarana, Strabomantidae) from a montane rainforest area of southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 1938:61-68
Description: Adult females measure 44.6-47.7 mm SVL. Adult males measure 41.7 mm SVL. Very glandular dorsum. Large wide head with large protuberant eyes and rhomboid-shaped or round pupils. Indistinct canthus rostralis with a concave loreal region. Tympanum absent, but the supratympanic fold is present and glandular. Large tongue. Two short series of vomerine teeth, numerous premaxillary and maxillary teeth. Small toothlike process is present at the front of the lower jaw in a small single socket. Choanae circular. Slender arms. Forearms and fingers are long and slender. Fingertips are rounded with no webbing or fringe. Single subarticular tubercles under fingers, slightly elliptical to rounded. Legs are short and slender. Toes are long and slender and the toe tips are rounded with no webbing or fringe. Subarticular tubercles on toes are elliptical. Inner metatarsal tubercle is large and oval-shaped; outer metatarsal tubercle is large and somewhat rounded. (Pombal et al. 2008).
In life, the dorsal surfaces and flanks are purplish-brown. Ventral surfaces are slightly lighter and a white abdominal blotch is present. Viewed close-up, the dorsal surface are actually dark brown with many small light specks (Pombal et al. 2008).
In preservative, the dorsal surfaces and flanks are dark purplish-gray to nearly black (Pombal et al. 2008).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Female specimens contained eggs that were large and unpigmented. This species may have direct development, similar to Holoaden bradei (Pombal et al. 2008).
Pombal, J. P. Jr., Siqueira, C. C., Dorigo, T. A., Vrcibradic, D. and Rocha, C. F. (2008). ''A third species of the rare frog genus Holoaden (Terrarana, Strabomantidae) from a montane rainforest area of southeastern Brazil.'' Zootaxa, 1938, 61-68.
Written by Stephanie Ung (stephanieung AT berkeley.edu), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2009-11-05
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2010-04-27)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Holoaden pholeter <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/7215> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 10, 2018.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 10 Dec 2018.
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