Bolitoglossa meliana

Subgenus: Magnadigita
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae

© 2014 Antonia Pachmann (1 of 16)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Guatemala



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from six localities, spanning approximately 160km, in the mountains of central Guatemala, including the Sierra de Chuac├║s and the Sierra de la Minas, at an altitude of 1,550-2,730m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in both cloud forest and less humid oak-pine forest and forest edge, but not in degraded habitats. It can be found beneath logs, under bark of fallen logs, or in bromeliads. Breeding takes place by direct development and it is not dependent upon water.


It is a rare species and hard to find.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is habitat loss due to expanding agriculture and human settlement.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in Parque Nacional Sierra de la Minas and Biotopo del Quetzal. Field surveys are needed to better determine the distribution and population status of the species.

Red List Status

Endangered (EN)


Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, it is known from fewer than ten locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Guatemala.

Taxonomic Notes

This species might be a complex of more than one species.


Acevedo, M., Wake, D. & Papenfuss, T. 2008. Bolitoglossa meliana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59179A11881715. .Downloaded on 23 February 2019


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