AmphibiaWeb - Scaphiopus holbrookii


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Scaphiopus holbrookii (Harlan, 1835)
Eastern Spadefoot
family: Scaphiopodidae
genus: Scaphiopus

© 2011 Richard Sage (1 of 63)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
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National Status None
Regional Status None
Access Conservation Needs Assessment Report .



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (9 records).

Two subspecies, holbrookii and hurterii are recognized. Body size reaches 72 mm in holbrookii and 82mm in hurterii. Both have pectoral glands, distinct tympana and parotoid glands, and curved metatarsal tubercles which are at least three times as long as they are broad. The dorsum is usually marked with two light bands forming an hourglass shape.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: United States

U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
View Bd and Bsal data (9 records).
S. h. holbrookii ranges from Massachusetts southward throughout Florida nd the Keys, and westward to Oklahoma and Texas. It is restricted essentially to sandy or light soils, and is usually found in desiduous or coastal pine forest. North of Georgia it is found along the Atlantic Coastal PLain and river valleys.
S. h. hurterii ranges from central Louisiana westward to to the Balcones Escarpment of the Edwards Plateau in central Texas, and from the Rio Grande northward into eastern Oklahoma and western Arkansas.


Wasserman, A. O. (1963). ''Scaphiopus holbrookii (Harlan). Eastern Spadefoot Toad.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 70.1-70.4.

Originally submitted by: Franziska Sandmeier (first posted 2001-02-12)
Edited by: Arie van der Meijden (28/2/2001), JG (fixing maps 07/30/01) (2001-07-30)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2001 Scaphiopus holbrookii: Eastern Spadefoot <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed May 21, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 21 May 2024.

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