AMPHIBIAWEB
Scaphiopus holbrookii
Eastern Spadefoot
family: Scaphiopodidae

© 2000 John White (1 of 59)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

Description
Two subspecies, holbrookii and hurterii are recognized. Body size reaches 72 mm in holbrookii and 82mm in hurterii. Both have pectoral glands, distinct tympana and parotoid glands, and curved metatarsal tubercles which are at least three times as long as they are broad. The dorsum is usually marked with two light bands forming an hourglass shape.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: United States

U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
S. h. holbrookii ranges from Massachusetts southward throughout Florida nd the Keys, and westward to Oklahoma and Texas. It is restricted essentially to sandy or light soils, and is usually found in desiduous or coastal pine forest. North of Georgia it is found along the Atlantic Coastal PLain and river valleys.
S. h. hurterii ranges from central Louisiana westward to to the Balcones Escarpment of the Edwards Plateau in central Texas, and from the Rio Grande northward into eastern Oklahoma and western Arkansas.

References

Wasserman, A. O. (1963). ''Scaphiopus holbrookii (Harlan). Eastern Spadefoot Toad.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 70.1-70.4.



Written by Franziska Sandmeier (franturtle AT yahoo.com), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2001-02-12
Edited by Arie van der Meijden (28/2/2001); JG (fixing maps 07/30/01) (2001-07-30)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2001 Scaphiopus holbrookii: Eastern Spadefoot <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5275> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jul 17, 2018.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 17 Jul 2018.

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