This species is known from the coastal lowlands of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, up to 50m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in bromeliads in Restinga vegetation and breeds in temporary rain pools in the same habitat. It is only usually found during the breeding period as it is otherwise hidden in bromeliads. This is the only frog that eats fruit.
It is very common.
The major threat to it is the destruction of Restinga vegetation for the development of human infrastructure.
Its range includes several protected areas. More research into the limits of its range and its ecological requirements is needed.
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened since although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its habitat is declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable, it occurs in more than ten locations, and its range is probably not severely fragmented.
Sergio Potsch de Carvalho-e-Silva, Ana Maria Telles, Carlos Alberto Gonçalves da Cruz 2004. Xenohyla truncata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56053A11418199. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56053A11418199.en .Downloaded on 23 January 2019