Eleutherodactylus fuscus

Subgenus: Euhyas
family: Eleutherodactylidae
subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae
Species Description: Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) fuscus and Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) maurus are both valid species. Hedges (1989) provided the replacement name Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) maurus for the Mexican species Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) fuscus (Davis and Dixon 1955), a name that was preoccupied by the Jamaican Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) fuscus (Lynn and Dent 1943); Hedges S B. 1989. An Island Radiation Allozyme Evolution In Jamaican Frogs of the Genus Eleutherodactylus Leptodactylidae. Caribbean Journal of Science 25(3-4): 123-147
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Jamaica


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has a restricted range in western Jamaica, and has been recorded from 120-680 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a terrestrial species found in mesic closed-canopy forests, where it calls from bare ground or rocks. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.


It could be locally abundant within its restricted range, but it had a very fragmented and restricted distribution. It was last observed in 1984 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The primary threat to the species is habitat loss and degradation, in particular due to agriculture, selective logging, and infrastructure development for ecotourism. Invasive bamboo is also becoming a problem in regenerating areas.

Conservation Actions

There are at least two forest reserves in the area where this species occurs, as well as a proposed National Park (Dolphin Head National Park). Ensuring the gazettment of this new protected area, and maintenance of the existing habitat is essential, and further survey work is necessary to determine the current population status of the species.

Red List Status

Critically Endangered (CR)


Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its range is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat in western Jamaica is declining.


Blair Hedges, Susan Koenig, Byron Wilson 2010. Eleutherodactylus fuscus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T7144A12830146. .Downloaded on 19 January 2019


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