Litoria chloristona Menzies, Richards & Tyler, 2008
|Species Description: Menzies JI Richards SJ Tyler MJ 2008 Systematics of the Australo- Papuan tree frogs known as Litoria bicolor (Anura: Hylidae) in the Papuan region. Australian Journal of Zoology 56: 257-280.|
Taxonomic Notes: Following the Australian Society of Herpetology, AmphibiaWeb uses Litoria instead of Ranoidea or Dryopsophus (contrary to Dubois and Fretey 2016 and Duellman et al 2016).
Diagnosis and Description: One of the smaller species in the Litoria bicolor complex. Adult males measure 19.6-23.8 mm SVL. Adult females measure 23.7–27.4 mm SVL. Head is longer than it is wide. Eyes are large. When viewed from above, the snout is obtusely pointed, but in profile it is rounded and projecting. Canthus rostralis straight and rounded; loreal region is flat and sloping. Nostrils are semilateral. Tympanum visible, small, with supratympanic fold concealing the upper margin. The throat has a skin fold across it. On all digits the terminal phalanx is free of webbing; Fingers II, III and IV are partially webbed, while toes are not completely webbed. Finely granular dorsal skin and slightly coarser ventral skin. Males have a medial light brown nuptial pad on Finger I (Menzies et al. 2008).
Coloration: In life, bright green dorsum which shades to slightly bronze on the flanks. White labial stripe continues below the eye and separates the green dorsum from the whitish-transparent venter. Dark canthal stripe. Green color stops at wrists and ankles. Hidden surfaces of the thighs are orange-red. Bronze tympanum with a green center. Bronze iris (Menzies et al. 2008).
Larval stage: The tadpole resembles that of other still-water-breeding Litoria species. Its tail is 1-1.5x body length, with a pointed tip, broad and arched dorsal fins and narrower ventral fins. Body is marked with irregular light and dark vertical bands (Menzies et al. 2008).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Papua New Guinea
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Breeds in still water. Eggs are tiny, black, and float in a single layer on the water surface. Known to breed in still water (Menzies et al. 2008).
Menzies, J. I., Richards, S. J. and Tyler, M. J. (2008). ''Systematics of the Australo-Papuan tree frogs known as Litoria bicolor (Anura : Hylidae) in the Papuan region.'' Australian Journal of Zoology, 56, 257-280.
Originally submitted by: Stephanie Ung (first posted 2009-11-16)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2010-05-12)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Litoria chloristona <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/7388> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 4, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 4 Jun 2023.
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