This species is known from the vicinity of Puerto Almendras (on the shores of Río Nanay), Río Yavari, Jenaro Herrera (on the right margin of Río Ucayali) and Río Maquia, Loreto Region, Peru at 120 m asl (Moravec et al. 2009; G. Gagliardi pers. comm. December 2012). Given that there is suitable habitat in between known localities and beyond these it is thought that it may have a more widespread occurrence, including perhaps also in Brazil, although at this time this still requires confirmation.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in lowland tropical rainforest, having been found specifically within terra firma forest (G. Gagliardi pers. comm. December 2012). This species appears to inhabit closed sections of forest, always found perching on leaves or palm trunks up to 150 cm high (Moravec et al. 2009). Although no breeding information exists on this species, the closely related and widespread Scinax ruber, which also occupies the same area, breeds in roadside ditches and small temporary ponds. It is not known to what extent this species may be tolerant to habitat disturbance.
It was described from six individuals (Moravec et al. 2009). However, the species is likely to be more common in the area of lowland northern Peru (J. Moravec pers. comm. October 2012).
Human activity has recently increased in the area of Puerto Almendras, leading to habitat loss and fragmentation (J. Moravec pers. comm. October 2012) and resulting in a fragmented landscape consisting of cleared tracks interspersed with forested areas. Here individuals were found due to the construction of a new modern University campus built between the “Arboretum” and the bank of Rio Nanay (Moravec et al. 2009). The forest areas have not been cleared but a net of regular trails are maintained (J. Moravec pers. comm. October 2012). In Jenaro Herrera the species is found in the area of the biological station of the Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonia Peruana (IIAP), which is beside a 5 m-wide dirt road and which connects Jenaro Herrera with Colonia Angamos. The paving of this road is a potential future local threat as it is a recurring theme during election campaigns (G. Gagliardi pers. comm. December 2012). The Río Maquia area is under great pressure from illegal logging, in addition to being subject to logging concessions (G. Gagliardi pers. comm. December 2012).
There are no special forms of protection for this species (J. Moravec pers. comm. October 2012), although it is possible that it could occur in Pacaya Samiria National Reserve given its proximity to IIAP's biological field station, where it has been recorded. It is also possible that it may occur within Reserva Nacional Allpahuayo Mishana, which is a few kilometres away from its type locality (G. Gagliardi pers. comm. December 2012). Further surveys are required to determine the population status, ecology and distribution of this species.
Red List Status
Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern given that, even though it has localized threats, it has a widespread distribution and occurs over an area that still has large swaths of suitable habitat.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group, 2013. Scinax iquitorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T191003A1966296. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T191003A1966296.en .Downloaded on 22 January 2019