Strongylopus kilimanjaro
family: Pyxicephalidae
subfamily: Cacosterninae
Species Description: Clarke, B. T., and J. C. Poynton. 2005. A new species of stream frog, Strongylopus (Anura: Ranidae) from Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, with comments on a 'northern volcanic mountains group' within the genus. African Journal of Herpetology 54: 53–60.
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Tanzania, United Republic of


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species was collected from Mount Kilimanjaro in northern Tanzania, at 3,230 m asl (Clarke and Poynton 2005). Its precise collection site within Mount Kilimanjaro is uncertain but it is considered unlikely to occur beyond this area (S. Loader and K. Howell pers. comm. June 2012).

Habitat and Ecology

Assuming that it is circumscribed to high elevations, this species would presumably be associated with cold mountain streams in alpine African moorland. Based on information from congeners, it is assumed to breed by larval development in streams.


It is known only from three specimens collected in 1936 (Clarke and Poynton 2005). The lack of recent records is probably a reflection of very limited survey effort in the area since then. There is no information on whether its population is severely fragmented.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It occurs in well-protected habitat that is not currently threatened. Climate change is predicted to impact glacier meltdown and water availability on Mount Kilimanjaro; however, there is no information as to how this could impact this species (J. Poynton pers. comm. June 2012).

Conservation Actions

The type locality is within Kilimanjaro National Park. More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, natural history and threats.

Red List Status

Data Deficient (DD)


Listed as Data Deficient as there is still very little information on its extent of occurrence, status, ecological requirements and threats.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Strongylopus kilimanjaro. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T61876A17180995. .Downloaded on 20 January 2019


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