Pseudophilautus frankenbergi (Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005)
Frankenberg's Shrub Frog
|Species Description: Meegaskumbura M and Manamendra-Arachchi K. 2005. Description of eight new species of shrub frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus) from Sri Lanka. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 12:305-338.|
Colour in life: Dorsum uniform ashy brown. Canthal edges, loreal and temporal regions dark brown. Lower half of tympanum light brown. Inguinal zone marbled in black and white. Flank ashy brown with white patches. Discs dorsally ashy yellow. Limbs dorsally pale brown with dark-brown crossbars. Some specimens have dark-brown dorsal markings, pale reddish-brown dots on dorsum, a dark-brown interorbital bar, and rarely, white patches on dorsum (Meegaskumbura and Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005).
Colour in alcohol: Dorsally ashy brown. Both upper and lower flanks white with dark brown patches. Inguinal zone with white and dark-brown patches. Loreal region, tympanic region and tympanum ashy brown. Upper lip ashy brown. Limbs dorsally ashy brown with indistinct crossbars. Thigh dorsally ashy brown with white patches and indistinct crossbars. Venter and webbing pale yellow with brown pigments (Meegaskumbura and Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Sri Lanka
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
All frogs of this genus are terrestrial direct developers (Bahir et al. 2005).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
The sister species of Pseudophilautus frankenbergi is P. auratus. These two species are separated from each other in 12S and 16S sequence divergence of 3.01–3.13% and a cytochrome-b sequence divergence of 11.6%. P. frankenbergi occurs only on the highest peaks (above 1,850 m elevation) of the Central Hills whereas P. auratus occurs only in Rakwana Hills, at elevations of about 1,000 m. The ranges of the two species are separated by a 1,450 m deep valley (Meegaskumbura and Manamendra-Arachchi, 2005).
Bahir, M. M., Meegaskumbura, M., Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Schneider, C. J., and Pethiyagoda, R. (2005). ''Reproduction and terrestrial direct development in Sri Lankan shrub frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus).'' The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 12, 339-350. [link]
Batuwita S, Udugampala S, DeSilva M, Diao J and Edirisinghe U. (2019). "A review of amphibian fauna of Sri Lanka: distribution, recent taxonomic changes and conservation." Journal of Animal Diversity, 1(2), 44-82. [link]
Meegaskumbura M. & Manamendra-Arachchi K. (2005). ''Description of eight new species of shrub frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus) from Sri Lanka.'' Raffles Bulletin Zoology Supplemental, 12, 305-338. [link]
Originally submitted by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (2021-05-21)
Description by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-05-21)
Distribution by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-05-21)
Life history by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-05-21)
Comments by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-05-21)
Edited by: Michelle S. Koo (2021-05-21)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2021 Pseudophilautus frankenbergi: Frankenberg's Shrub Frog <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/6516> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 5, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 5 Jun 2023.
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