This lowland Sri Lankan endemic is only known from two localities: the type locality of Kottawa at 60m asl, and from Beraliya Forest, Elpitiya, at 150m asl, both in the south of the country (Meegaskumbura and Manamendra-Arachchi 2005).
Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits the shrub understorey of closed-canopy lowland rainforest. It is not believed to be tolerant of habitat degradation. Males are seen calling at night in chorus from leaves up to 1m above the ground (Meegaskumbura and Manamendra-Arachchi 2005). It presumably breeds by direct development like other species of the genus.
The current population status is not known.
Some parts of its range are impacted by intensive land-use change, due to smallholder farming activities and logging. Drought is also a threat.
It occurs in the Kottawa Forest Reserve and the Beraliya Forest Reserve. Further survey work is needed to determine the population status of this species.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, it is currently only known from two localities, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
Madhava Meegaskumbura, Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi 2006. Pseudophilautus mittermeieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61883A12561114. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2006.RLTS.T61883A12561114.en .Downloaded on 21 January 2019