Caramaschi (2006) indicates that the species is only known from the Municipality of Jaboticatubas, in the Serra do Cipó, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, associated to the Espinhaço mountain range.
Habitat and Ecology
It is believed to inhabit open areas and rocky Cerrado savanna on the tops of plateaus and mountain ranges. The egg clutch is presumably deposited on leaves above the water, and when hatched the larvae fall into a permanent stream below.
It is known only from the holotype, so its population status is not known.
The threats to this species are not known.
It is not known if it occurs in any protected areas.
Red List Status
Data Deficient (DD)
Listed as Data Deficient in view of the absence of recent information on its extent of occurrence, threats, status and ecological requirements.
This species was removed from the synonymy of Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis by Brandão (2002). Specimens associated with this name from the Serra do Cipó are not conspecific with the holotype (Brandão 2002). The species was redescribed by Caramaschi (2006). This species has since been transferred to the genus Pithecopus (Duellman et al. 2016).
This is an amended assessment created to account for the change in generic name.
Ariadne Angulo 2016. Pithecopus megacephalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T55857A107298335. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T55857A107298335.en .Downloaded on 22 January 2019