Taruga fastigo (Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2001)
|Species Description: Manamendra-Arachchi, K., and R. Pethiyagoda. 2001. Polypedates fastigo, a new tree frog (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae) from Sri Lanka. Journal of South Asian Natural History. Colombo 5: 191–199.|
© 2012 Malaka Bopage (1 of 18)
Color in life: metamorphs dorsally brown or olive green. An incomplete dark-brown hourglass- shaped marking on the dorsum, its outline darker tubercles around the vent orange or yellow (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2001).
Color in alcohol: metamorphs dorsally ashy brown, the hourglass-shaped marking a darker brown; limbs with cross-bars; venter dull white (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2001).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Taruga fastigo is named with reference to the pointed snout of this species (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2001).
Molecular phylogenetic analysis placed members previously assigned to the genus Polypedates, which includes P. eques, P. fastigo and P. longinasus to this new genus, Taruga. Taruga species possesses a dorsolateral glandular fold that extends from the posterior margin of the upper eyelid to the mid-flank (vs. a supratympanic fold that curves over the dorsal margin of the tympanic membrane in Polypedates); a prominent calcar at the distal end of the tibia (absent in most Polypedates); a more acutely pointed snout; and 6–10 prominent conical tubercles surrounding the cloaca (absent in Polypedates) (Meegaskumbura et al., 2010).
The Taruga genus is endemic to Sri Lanka and comprises three species, T. eques, T. fastigo and T. longinasus (Batuwita et al.,2019).
Batuwita S, Udugampala S, DeSilva M, Diao J and Edirisinghe U. (2019). "A review of amphibian fauna of Sri Lanka: distribution, recent taxonomic changes and conservation." Journal of Animal Diversity, 1(2), 44-82. [link]
Manamendra-Arachchi K. and Pethiyagoda P. (2001). "Polypedates fastigo, a new tree frog (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae) from Sri Lanka." Journal of South Asian Natural History, 5(2), 191-199.
Meegaskumbura, M., Meegaskumbura, S., Bowatte, G. , Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Pethiyagoda, R., Hanken, J., and Schneider, C. J. . (2010). "Taruga (Anura: Rhacophoridae), a new genus of foam-nesting tree frogs endemic to Sri Lanka." Ceylon Journal of Science. Biological Sciences, 39, 75–94. [link]
Originally submitted by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (2021-03-12)
Description by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-03-12)
Distribution by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-03-12)
Life history by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-03-12)
Comments by: Dayupathi Eranda Nipunika Mandawala (updated 2021-03-12)
Edited by: Michelle S. Koo (2021-03-12)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2021 Taruga fastigo <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/6414> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Dec 11, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 11 Dec 2023.
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