This species was until recently known only from the lost type specimen that was collected from Kandy in central Sri Lanka. However, there are doubts as to whether or not this is the correct collection site. In recent years, additional specimens have been collected that appear to be this species in the Kandy area, from Nawalapitiya and Gannoruwa at around 684m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
Its habitat requirements are poorly known, but it has been collected perched on a Syzygium bush about 2m above ground, at the edge of moist evergreen forest. Its adaptability to secondary habitats is not known, though it is unlikely to occur in severely disturbed habitats. It presumably breeds by direct development.
It appears to be an uncommon species.
It is probably affected by habitat loss due to farming, collection of firewood, timber extraction, and expanding human settlements, as well as pollution by agro-chemicals.
It occurs in the Gannoruwa Forest Reserve.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 500 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in central Sri Lanka.
This species is known only from the holotype which has been misplaced. The type description is not detailed enough to determine whether this species is still extant.
Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Sushil Dutta, Anslem de Silva 2004. Pseudophilautus pleurotaenia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58888A11844130. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58888A11844130.en .Downloaded on 19 January 2019