This species is only found within the Parque Nacional Cusuco in the Sierra de Omoa, Departamento de Cortés, north-western Honduras, between 1,490 and 1,680 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This stream-breeding frog is found on low vegetation along streams in the lower montane wet forest. It is restricted to streams throughout its life cycle.
It is considered moderately common within its very restricted range. However, the species is believed to be in decline given the absence of metamorphs observed during recent (2006-2008) field surveys (J.E. Kolby pers. comm. 2008).
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection has recently been confirmed in this species (J.E. Kolby pers. comm. 2008). It is likely to be highly susceptible to chytridiomycosis based on observations in its congener, P. dasypus. In addition, tadpoles of this species have consistently been found in extremely low numbers (J.E. Kolby pers. comm. 2008).
The species occurs wholly within the Parque Nacional Cusuco, declared a national park since 1987. In view of the threat of chytridiomycosis, the status of this species should be closely monitored, and ex-situ populations might need to be established.
Red List Status
Critically Endangered (CR)
Listed as Critically Endangered due to a projected decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years due to the potential impacts of chytridiomycosis.
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Franklin Casteñeda, Joseph Mendelson III, Jonathan E. Kolby 2010. Plectrohyla exquisita. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55874A11366549. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T55874A11366549.en .Downloaded on 18 November 2018