Xenopus clivii
family: Pipidae

  hear call (75.2K WAV file)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has its range centred on the Ethiopian Plateau (where it occurs on both sides of the Rift Valley and in the Valley itself) and Eritrea, and it is reputed to occur in the Lake Turkana region of northwestern Kenya and immediately adjacent South Sudan, although the latter two localities have not been confirmed by previous collections (Tinsley, 1995; Largen, 2001). Its altitudinal range is 820-2,652m asl; records up to 3,500 m asl are unsubstantiated. Further intense searches have not located this species anywhere else other than its known distribution range (B. Evans pers. comm., March 2012).

Habitat and Ecology

It is a water-dependent species, living in permanent water in a wide variety of habitats, including both montane and lowland forest, montane grassland, Acacia woodland and arid savannah. It breeds in permanent, still and slow-flowing waterbodies.


It is common to abundant in many localities. Forty one individuals were collected northwest of the Rift Valley and twenty one from the southeast (Evans et al., 2011). Substantial population structure and divergence exists within this species across the Rift Valley (Evans et al., 2011). This species' population is believed to be stable and is not considered to be severely fragmented.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Major threats to this species are environmental degradation and aquatic pollution resulting from human activities for agriculture. However, it is a resilient species, and it seems to have a high tolerance to habitat disturbance.

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It is known to occur in or near Bale National Park (B.Evans pers. comm., March 2012). 

Research Needed
Further information is needed on this species' population size, distribution and threats.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and its presumed large population.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2016. Xenopus clivii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T58172A14835202. .Downloaded on 20 January 2019


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