Xenopus borealis
family: Pipidae

© 2014 Alberto Sanchez-Vialas (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Kenya, Tanzania, United Republic of


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species has been recorded with certainty from the highlands of Kenya, from Mount Elgon in the west, to Marsabit in the north, and Nairobi in the south. It occurs in the Rift Valley at Lakes Naivasha and Nakuru. There are records from Tanzania at: Bermi near Babati; Serengeti National Park; and Njombe in the south of the country. It seems likely that this species replaces Xenopus muelleri in upland areas through most of East Africa, and many records previously assigned to X. muelleri in the inland parts of East Africa might well refer to this species. It is likely to occur in Uganda. The current map should be considered provisional. It occurs above 1,000 m asl, especially above 1,800 m asl, and has been found up to 2,400 m asl, probably higher.

Habitat and Ecology

It is a water-dependent species associated with high-altitude grassland and moorland, including pastureland. It does not occur in forest. It lives and breeds in pools and slow-flowing streams.


It is common where it occurs.

Population Trend


Major Threats

It is unlikely to be threatened, since it is adaptable, and its habitats are not significantly threatened.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in the Mount Elgon, Lake Nakuru and Marsabit National Parks, and probably in several other protected areas.

Red List Status

Least Concern (LC)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution and its presumed large population.


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Xenopus borealis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T58170A18397690. .Downloaded on 17 January 2019


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