Siberut Island Frog
© 2009 Shobi Lawalata (1 of 1)
Distribution and Habitat
Rana siberu is found in areas below 700 m asl on Siberut Island, one of the Mentawai Islands (Dring et al. 1990), as well as Sumatra (provinces of Aceh, North Sumatra, Bengkulu, West Sumatra and Lampung), Indonesia (Iskandar and Colijn 2000; Iskandar and Mumpuni 2004; Brown and Guttman 2002). It has also been found in one locality in Peninsular Malaysia: the catchment area of Sungai Temir, within the Lakum forest reserve, Raub, Pahang (Leong and Lim 2004). It may occur more widely in both Peninsular Malaysia and Indonesia (Iskandar and Mumpuni 2004). This species is generally found in riparian habitats in lowland forests (Dring et al. 1990). However, the Malaysian specimen was collected at the edge of a temporary forest pool in a swampy area, away from streams (Leong and Lim 2004).
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Females lay unpigmented eggs (Dring et al. 1990).
Trends and Threats
This species occurs within at least four protected reserves in Indonesia (Siberut, Gunung Leuser, Kerinci-Seblat and Barisan-Seblat National Parks) and one in Malaysia (Lakum forest reserve) (Iskandar and Mumpuni 2004).
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Brown, R. M., and Guttman, S. L. (2002). ''Phylogenetic systematics of the Rana signata complex of Philippine and Bornean stream frogs: reconsideration of Huxley’s modification of Wallace’s Line at the Oriental–Australian faunal zone interface.'' Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 76, 393-461.
Dring J., McCarthy C., and Whitten A. (1990). ''The terrestrial herpetofauna of the Mentawai Islands, Indonesia.'' Indo-Malayan Zoology, 6, 119-132.
Iskandar, D. T., and Colijn, E. (2000). ''Preliminary checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean herpetofauna. I. Amphibians.'' Truebia, 31 Supplement, 1-134.
Iskandar, D., and Mumpuni (2004). Hylarana siberu. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 05 February 2010.
Leong, T. M., and Lim, B. L. (2004). ''Rana siberu Dring, McCarthy & Whitten, 1990 - A first record for Peninsular Malaysia (Amphibia: Anura: Ranidae).'' The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 52(1), 261-263.
Sidik, I. (2008). ''An inventory of reptiles and amphibians in north-west of Siberut Island, West Sumatera.'' Zoo Indonesia, 17(2), 35-48.
Written by Raahil Malhotra (raahilmalhotra AT berkeley.edu), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2010-02-05
Edited by Raahil Malhotra (2010-03-14)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Pulchrana siberu: Siberut Island Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5150> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Nov 16, 2018.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2018. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 16 Nov 2018.
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