This species is known with certainty only from three locations: Kudremukh National Park, and Jog (Shimoga) and Kemphole Ghats, all in Karnataka, in the Western Ghats of India (though it may occur a little more widely). It has been collected at an elevation of 1,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is semi-aquatic and inhabits marshes within moist tropical forest (and is not present in very disturbed forest). There is little information available on the species' ecology or breeding habitats, though it presumably breeds by larval development in water.
It is not an uncommon species.
Habitat loss and degradation as a result of logging, agriculture, and mining (in Kudremukh) is the major threat to this species.
It has been recorded from Kudremukh National Park in Karnataka, although the other localities are apparently unprotected. It is included in national legislation.
Red List Status
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger 2004. Nyctibatrachus sanctipalustris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58403A11773851. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58403A11773851.en .Downloaded on 20 January 2019