Meristogenys whiteheadi
family: Ranidae

© 2009 Maximilian Dehling (1 of 2)

Frogs of Borneo account.

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Malaysia



View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from western Sabah (Malaysia) and West, Central, and East Kalimantan Provinces (Indonesia), Borneo, below 1,300 m asl. Some specimens from Crocker Range National Park previously assigned to this species are now assigned to Meristogenys stigmachilus and M. stenocephalus (Shimada et al. 2011). It is difficult to identify positively in the field, therefore the new records from Kalimantan may belong to other species and are only tentatively assigned to this species (Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017).

Habitat and Ecology

It has been found only in hilly rainforests. Breeding occurs in clear, rocky streams, and larvae cling to the rocks in strong currents and feed on lithophytic algae.


Where the species is known to occur, it is found in large numbers (Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). However, due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The principal threat to the species is rapid clear-cutting of lowland tropical rainforest in forest concession land and for oil palm plantations (Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). Siltation of streams as a result of deforestation eliminates the larval feeding microhabitat of this species. 

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It has been recorded from Kinabalu, Crocker Range and Kayan Mentarang National Parks. 

Conservation Needed
Continued effective preservation of lowland forest is needed to conserve this species because oil palm plantations are encroaching into protected areas in Kalimantan (Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017). Some oil palm companies and forestry companies designate High Conservation Value areas, which is required by some financial institutions providing loans. However, not all lenders require these areas to be set aside and the habitat within the HCVs could disappear if the lender or requirements change (Indonesia Red List Assessment Workshop May 2017).

Research Needed
Taxonomic research is needed to resolve the status of this species. Further research on this species' distribution, population size and trends is recommended.

Red List Status

Near Threatened (NT)


Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large population.

Taxonomic Notes

This is a restricted concept of Meristogenys whiteheadi following the split of the broader concept into this, M. stenocephalus and M. stigmachilus (Shimada et al. 2011).


IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2018. Meristogenys whiteheadi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T79096537A79096290. .Downloaded on 20 February 2019


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