This species occurs in the western Upper Guinea forest zone of West Africa, in Sierra Leone, southern Guinea, Liberia, and western Côte d’Ivoire, up to approximately 1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is restricted to the drier parts of primary rainforest, where it is an arboreal species usually found low in the trees. It breeds by larval development in tree holes, and also in empty nuts, snail shells, and other tiny waterbodies. Eggs are attached to the bark of the tree or the top of a shell or similar, above the water, and they then hatch four to five days later and the larvae drop into the water below where they complete their development.
It is a common species in suitable habitats.
This species is adversely affected by the loss of forest habitat due to agricultural development, logging and expanding human settlements. Some populations might also be affected by mining activities.
It occurs in Taï National Park (Côte d’Ivoire) and the Mount Nimba World Heritage Site (Guinea, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire).
Red List Status
Near Threatened (NT)
Listed as Near Threatened since although this species is still relatively widely distributed, it depends on areas of undisturbed forest habitat, and so its Area of Occupancy is probably not much greater than 2,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat is declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
This form consists of two separate species (M.-O. Rödel pers. comm.).
Mark-Oliver Rödel, Arne Schiøtz 2004. Phrynobatrachus guineensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58115A11732779. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58115A11732779.en .Downloaded on 19 November 2018